Basic Stances


Diagram Name Description
Charyot.gif Attention Stance Charyot Sogi This stance is the formal attention stance used to ready for bowing.  It is also the stance that Junior grades should adopt when talking to instructors or examiners.Weight: 50:50

Feet: heels together and feet angled at 45 degrees

Width: na

Length: na

Other: Arms should be held out to the sides, fists clenched and elbows slightly bent.

ClosedStance.gif Closed Stance Moa Junbi Sogi This stance is the opening stance for many patterns.  There are 3 closed stances (a,b and c) as the hand positions vary in different patterns.Weight:50:50

Feet: together and facing forward

Length: na

A: Seen in Won Hyo Tul. the hands are held 30 cm from head and level with the philtrum.  One fist is clenched and the other, held loosely, envelops the first.

B: to be updated

C: to be updated

Walking Stance

Gunnun Sogi

This stance is very stable and is useful for moving forward and backwards into punches, grabs, throws and many hand techniques.Weight: 50:50

Feet: Front foot straight forward, back foot 25 degrees.  Front leg bent with knee above heel.  Back leg straight and locked.

Width: 1 shoulders width from centre of instep to centre of instep

Length: 1.5 shoulders width from big toes to big toe

Other: Feet should be pulling to grip floor and keep stance strong

LStance.gif L Stance Niunja Sogi This is a very mobile stance and the weight distribution allows the fighter to kick with the front leg without noticeably shifting weight.
This stance is very close to the fighting stances seen in sparring and boxing.Weight: 70% on the back leg; 30% on the front leg

Feet: Both feet should turn in 15 degrees

Width: 2.5 cm between the big toe on the front foot and the heel of the rear leg.

Length: 1.5 shoulders width front the big toes of the front foot to the foot sword of the rear foot

Other:  As most weight is on the back foot, any punch from the front hand is called a reverse punch and any punch from the back hand is called an obverse punch. If the right leg is back this is called a right stance.

ParallelStance.gif Parallel Ready Stance Naranhi Junbi Sogi The is a very common stance as it is used at the beginning of many patterns and in response to the Junbi command.Weight: 50:50

Feet: Facing forward and parallel 

Width: One shoulders width from the outside of each foot

Length: na

Other: Fists should be clenched and held in front of the body at belt height.  Each should be 5cm apart and 10cm from the abdomen.  Elbows should be bent 30 degrees and be 10cm from the floating ribs.  Lower arms should be bent 40 degrees.

The junbi motions is often accompanied by a large inhale and exhale which is believed to be a concentrated release of Ki energy. 

Rear Foot Stance Dwit Bal Sogi This stance gives the ability to adjust distance from an opponent or kick, using the front foot and without the need to shift weight.Weight: the encyclopedia says “most on back foot” other experts say 90:10

Feet: The front foot is tuned in 25 degrees and the back foot is tuned in 15 degrees

Length: 1 shoulders width between the small toes

Other: This stance is often confused with the measurements of the vertical stance

SittingStance.gif Sitting Stance Annun Sogi This stance is wide and low.  It is present in most eastern martial arts and is often used to strengthen leg muscles as the stance is held by tensing leg muscles and scraping side soles.Weight: 50:50

Feet: facing forward and parallel, knees bent and above ball of foot

Width: 1.5 shoulders width between the big toes

Length: na

Other: The most important feature of this stance is that the weight is dropped low (making the person appear heavier) and the feet make a wide base (making the person more stable on one plane). Though this stance is often associated with punching, the stability and mass it creates makes it very versatile.  Some of its many uses include: punching, take downs (Do San, Kwang Gae) Grappling (see Judo for similarities) and escapes (i.e Bear hug, being dragged).


Ciaran McDonald’s Taekwon-do musings
General Choi Hong Hi, Taekwon-Do encylopedia (fifteen volumes).

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